Prostatic Cancer

Prostatic Cancer:  Is the second most common cancer in men over age 50.  Incidence is highest among blacks and in men with blood type A, and lowest in Asians.  It is important that all males over age 40 should undergo a rectal examination as part of their annual physical examination.

Cause:  Unknown

Symptoms:

Usually signs and symptoms of prostatic cancer appear in the advanced stages of the disease.

Difficulty urinating
Urine dribbling
Urine retention
Unexplained cystitis and hematuria
A hard nodule may appear on rectal examination (this may be felt before symptoms develop.

Treatment:

Varies with each stage of the disease but generally include:

Radiation
Prostatectomy
Orchiectomy (to decrease androgen production)
Hormone therapy

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