Manic Depression

Manic depression is also known as bipolar disorder. A person with manic depression tends to oscillate between extremities in mood. One moment the individual is in a high mood while at another moment he or she tends to become very depressed. This is a kind of brain disorder that causes unusual changes in the person’s mood, energy, and ability to function. Manic depression does not discriminate between men and women and affects both equally. There is also no age when this afflicts an individual though it is most prevalent in late adolescence. This condition has also been found to be passed on genetically.

The magnitude of the disease is such that it affects not only the patient but also the people directly involved with the individual such as his family, friends, and caregivers. There could be three kinds of manic depressive states – manic episode, depressive episode, and mixed bipolar episode. A manic episode is when three or more symptoms occur along with an elevated mode most of the day, almost each day, for about a week. It is said to be a depressive episode if five or more of these symptoms last most of the day, nearly every day for two weeks or more. In mixed bipolar disorder mania and depression occur together.

Manic depression is a treatable disorder and has a recurrent pattern which is first identified before treatment. The treatment for this has to be continuous and properly monitored. Medications for the treatment of manic depression can include mood stabilizers such as lithium. Also it is absolutely necessary to get adequate sleep and rest to promote proper treatment of the disease. Monitoring the patient’s thyroid function is another essential element of the treatment. The possibility of frequent relapses is also very real and those involved in the treatment of the patient need to be on the lookout for this.

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